Train users across the North West will face disrupted journeys today as a fresh wave of strikes over the role of guards cuts services by around a half.
Members of the Rail, Maritime and Transport union (RMT) will walk out on Monday, Wednesday and Friday on Arriva Rail North (Northern), Merseyrail, South Western Railway (SWR) and Greater Anglia, and on Monday on Southern.
Talks were held between the union and Northern but they ended without any breakthrough to the long-running row over staffing, driver-only operation and guards.
Arriva Rail North (Northern) said it will run around 1,350 services on strike days, more than half its normal timetable, with most running between 7am and 7pm.
Merseyrail will run a reduced service, mostly between 7am and 7pm, with a break during the middle of the day and no trains on the Kirby, Ellesmere Port or Hunts Cross lines.
Arriva Buses will accept Merseyrail tickets on all three strike days covering the Northern and Wirral lines.
Richard Allan, Arriva Rail North's deputy managing director, said the company was committed to investing in new and updated trains, better stations and faster journeys.
"During talks, Northern again offered to guarantee jobs and pay for conductors for the rest of our franchise to 2025 if we can reach agreement with RMT."
RMT general secretary Mick Cash said: "Every single effort that RMT has made to reach negotiated settlements in these separate disputes with the different train operating companies over safe operation and safe staffing has been kicked back in our faces and we are left with no option but to press ahead with the action.
"No one should be in any doubt, these disputes are about putting the safety of the travelling public before the profits of the private train companies.
"It is frankly ludicrous that we have been able to negotiate long-term arrangements in Scotland and Wales that protect the guards and passenger safety but we are being denied the same opportunities with rail companies in England.
"This suspension of normal industrial relations by the employers has to end if we are to make progress towards a solution that guarantees safe rail travel for all.
"RMT is in no doubt that it is the dead hand of the minority Tory Government that is interfering in these disputes and that their influence is a factor in preventing the union from reaching negotiated settlements.
"With the fare increases kicking in this week it is outrageous that Theresa May and Chris Grayling are happy to stand aside and cheer on overseas rail companies that rip off the British passenger with eye-watering fare increases to subsidise their domestic transport operations while throwing the guards off our trains.
"RMT is demanding that the blockade on talks is lifted in these separate disputes to allow us to negotiate freely with the companies and give us the opportunity to pursue the objective of a guard guarantee that puts British passenger safety before the rank exploitation of our rail network by fare-jacking private companies."
Andy Heath, Merseyrail managing director, said: "These latest strikes are part of a much bigger picture of UK-wide strikes by the RMT which, unfortunately, local passengers are falling victim to.
"I would like our passengers and business leaders to be aware that these three strike days represent a high stakes strategy being adopted by the RMT union with no consideration of the impact on the city region.
"These three days of strike action demonstrate the RMT's disregard for the impact their actions have on our passengers and damage to the economy of the city region.
"Since the last meeting with the RMT there have been eight strike days with the RMT steadfastly refusing to accept all attempts to get round the table. Both passengers and business leaders are saying to us that this is enough and now is the time for talks."
A Department for Transport spokesman said: "Despite the best efforts of the RMT to cause misery for passengers, the train companies will keep passengers moving with the majority of services running as planned.
"This dispute is not about safety and no-one is losing their job - employees have been guaranteed jobs and salaries for several years.
"At Southern Rail, where these changes have already been introduced, there are now more staff dedicated to working on trains than previously.
"The independent rail regulator has stated unequivocally that driver-controlled trains, which have been used in this country for more than thirty years, are safe."